What is a Backsplash in Kitchen?

A kitchen backsplash is a protective surface that is installed on the wall behind a countertop, stove, or sink. It serves both decorative and functional purposes in the kitchen.

What is the Purpose of a Kitchen Backsplash?

A backsplash has several important functions in the kitchen:

Protects the Wall from Splashes and Spills

The main purpose of a backsplash is to protect the walls from moisture, grease, food splatters, and spills. Splashing is common near the sink and stove while cooking or washing dishes. A backsplash provides a barrier that is easy to clean and prevents stains on the wall. Ceramic tile, metal, glass, and other non-porous materials are commonly used.

Adds Visual Interest and Ties the Kitchen Together

In addition to being practical, a backsplash serves as a key focal point and design element in the kitchen. It provides an opportunity to add visual interest through color, texture, and pattern. The backsplash design often complements the countertops, cabinetry, and other features for a cohesive look.

Increases the Value of the Home

A high-quality, well-designed backsplash made of durable materials can increase a home’s resale value. Outdated or damaged backsplashes can make a kitchen seem dated and less appealing to potential buyers. An updated backsplash is an affordable way to modernize the space.

What Materials Can Be Used for a Kitchen Backsplash?

There are many options when selecting a kitchen backsplash, including:

Ceramic or Porcelain Tile

Tile is one of the most popular choices because it is durable, easy to clean, and available in countless colors, shapes, and styles. Glass, stone, and porcelain tiles are also options. The grout between tiles can get dirty but provides a charming, textured look.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel offers a sleek, modern, industrial look. It is water and heat-resistant, easy to sterilize, and reflects light. Stainless backsplashes can develop water spots and fingerprints that require frequent cleaning.

Glass Tiles or Panels

Glass backsplashes make a glossy, luminous statement. Glass tiles come in an array of colors. Large glass panels create a seamless contemporary look. Glass requires gentle cleaning.

Natural Stone

Granite, marble, travertine, and other natural stones make an elegant, upscale backsplash. Each stone has unique veining. Natural stone must be sealed to prevent staining and etching.

Metal Tiles

Metal tiles like zinc, copper, or tin can provide a rustic, aged, or industrial modern look. Metals will patina over time for more character. Masking tape prevents etching during installation.

Painted Drywall

Paint is an affordable backsplash option. It allows infinite color choices but requires meticulous surface preparation for a smooth finish. Extra coats of polyurethane protect the finish.

How is a Kitchen Backsplash Installed?

Installing a kitchen backsplash is a manageable weekend project for an experienced DIYer. Simple materials like ceramic tile or painted drywall can be installed directly onto the wall. More complex installations require careful planning and precision.

Selecting the Backsplash Materials

The first step is choosing backsplash materials that align with the kitchen’s overall design, function, and budget. Visit home improvement stores to view product samples in person.

Preparing the Surface

The wall surface must be cleaned, smoothed, and primed so tiles or panels can adhere. Wall irregularities could cause the backsplash to crack or detach.

Laying Out the Tiles

Many backsplash patterns require tiles to be cut to fit edges and corners. Professional installers use tile nippers, but home DIYers can make simple cuts with a wet saw or tile cutter.

Applying Adhesive and Setting the Tiles

Thinset mortar evenly applied to the wall securely bonds the backsplash tiles. Tiles are pressed into the mortar and aligned according to the planned layout.

Grouting the Joints

Grout fills the gaps between tiles for a finished look. Excess grout must be thoroughly cleaned before drying. Caulking seals challenging corners and edges.

Sealing and Protecting

Natural stone backsplashes require sealing to prevent staining and damage. The entire project should be protected from other construction debris until kitchen renovations are complete.

Tips for Choosing a Kitchen Backsplash

Consider these tips when selecting the perfect backsplash for your kitchen:

  • Complement your countertops – Contrasting or coordinating materials create interest.
  • Factor in ease of cleaning – Some materials require more maintenance.
  • Assess natural light – Bright light highlights glass and metal; soft light flatters stone.
  • Evaluate durability and moisture-resistance.
  • Measure precisely – Irregular measurements make tile-cutting tricky.
  • Gather sample tiles – View colors and textures in the space.
  • Include a focal point – An artistic tile design draws the eye.
  • Create continuity – Use backsplash tiles on nearby walls or the range hood.
  • Blend function with style – A material you love that also performs well.

Frequently Asked Questions About Kitchen Backsplashes

How much does a kitchen backsplash cost?

The cost of a backsplash depends on the materials, complexity of installation, and the size of the area. Simple DIY-friendly tiles can be as little as $5 per square foot. Professionally installed stone or glass backsplashes average $40-$75 per square foot.

How high should a backsplash be?

The minimum recommended height for a backsplash is 4 inches from the countertop. However, many extend to 18 or 24 inches for maximum impact and wall protection. Full-height backsplashes behind sinks and stoves prevent virtually all splatters.

Can a backsplash be installed just behind the stove?

Yes, if budget or other factors prevent doing the entire back wall, installing a stove-height backsplash is worthwhile. It shields the most utilized cooking area from grease accumulation and stains.

Should backsplash tile match countertops?

The backsplash does not have to match, but it works best if the materials complement each other. Using the same surface material, like quartz, achieves uniformity. Contrasting colors and textures can make the backsplash pop.

How do you attach a backsplash to drywall?

On drywall, a water-resistant drywall adhesive works well for lightweight backsplash panels. For tile, a mortar bed layer is applied to the wall first to support the weight of ceramic or stone tiles and prevent sagging.


Installing a backsplash is one of the best returns on investment for a kitchen remodel. The project can usually be completed over a weekend without extensive tiling experience. A backsplash not only safeguards the walls behind sinks and stoves but also adds charm and visual appeal. With numerous colors, textures, materials, and patterns to select from, there is a kitchen backsplash to fit any style and budget. Paired with beautiful countertops and cabinets, a backsplash can take a kitchen remodel to the next level.