How to Put Tile Backsplash in Kitchen

Installing a tile backsplash in your kitchen can completely transform the look and feel of the space. Not only does it add an eye-catching focal point, but it also protects your walls from splatters and spills. Putting in a tile backsplash is a doable DIY project for many homeowners. With some planning, patience, and the right materials, you can achieve a stunning backsplash that makes your kitchen shine.

Benefits of Adding a Tile Backsplash

There are several great reasons to add a backsplash to your kitchen:

  • Visual Appeal – Backsplashes come in so many different colors, shapes, textures and patterns. A backsplash is a simple way to add visual interest and personality to your kitchen.
  • Protects the Wall – A backsplash safeguards the wall behind your countertop from water, oil, grease and other cooking splatters. This saves you from having to repaint repeatedly.
  • Easier to Clean – Backsplashes are designed to be easy to wipe down and keep clean. Their smooth surfaces can be quickly cleaned with a sponge or cloth.
  • Increases Resale Value – Updating your backsplash is a smart investment that can increase the value of your home. Backsplashes are expected in today’s kitchens.

How to Prepare for Installation

Proper planning and preparation ensures the backsplash installation process goes smoothly. Here are important steps to take before tiling:

  • Select Your Tile – Ceramic, porcelain, glass, metal and stone are popular options. Consider the tile size, color, finish and style. Bring home samples to view in your kitchen.
  • Measure Carefully – Measure the exact dimensions of the backsplash area so you know precisely how many tiles are needed. Don’t forget to account for uneven walls.
  • Gather Supplies – Make a list of required tools and materials including tile, grout, trowel, spacers, adhesive and grout sealer. Ensure you have all necessary safety gear as well.
  • Prepare the Area – Remove any old backsplash. Fill any holes or uneven spots in the walls to create a smooth surface for tiling. Prime and paint the walls if needed.

Step-by-Step Installation Guide

Follow these key steps to properly install a tile backsplash in your kitchen:

1. Mark Your Layout

  • Use a level and pencil to mark horizontal and vertical layout lines on the wall spaced about 1/8″ less than your tile size. These guide lines ensure your tiles are evenly spaced.
  • If using accent tiles, map out their placement in the pattern. Dry lay a few rows of tile on the countertop to visualize spacing.

2. Prepare the Tiles

  • Apply tile adhesive to the backs of the tiles with a notched trowel. Use a sturdy surface like a piece of plywood as your work station.
  • Only coat the amount of tiles you can place in about 20 minutes before the adhesive dries.

3. Install the Backsplash

  • Spread some adhesive on the back wall area using a trowel. Apply in small sections.
  • Firmly press the first tile against the wall corner aligning with vertical line. Use plastic spacers between tiles.
  • Work row by row outwards from starting point. Use a level often to ensure tiles are straight.
  • Don’t forget to clean away any excess adhesive squeezed out from tile edges.

4. Cut Accent Tiles

  • Measure and mark tiles that need cutting to fit edges and corners.
  • Use a wet saw to accurately cut tile. Make slow, even cuts using the full length of the blade.
  • Use a grinder to smooth any rough tile edges. Test cut tiles in place before adhering.

5. Apply the Grout

  • Let adhesive fully cure for 24-48 hrs before grouting. Grout small sections at a time.
  • Push grout into gaps between tiles using a grout float or rubber grout tool. Remove excess.
  • Wipe tiles clean with a damp sponge in circular motions rinsing often. Allow grout to dry completely.
  • Apply grout sealer to protect grout from stains and damage.

Tips for Achieving a Beautiful Backsplash

  • For easier grouting look for tiles with uniform thicknesses or use tile spacers.
  • Choose grout color to match or contrast your tile. Dark grout highlights light tiles and vice versa.
  • Add an accent strip or border for extra design flair. Use mosaic tiles or bullnose tiles.
  • Consider your countertop and cabinet colors when selecting backsplash tile colors and patterns.
  • Protect vulnerable areas like edges of countertops with painter’s tape before tiling.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Not properly preparing the wall surface. Any imperfections will show through the tile.
  • Failing to achieve adequate adhesive coverage on tile backs. This can lead to loose tiles later.
  • Applying tiles in a haphazard manner without using spacers. Results in uneven grout lines.
  • Not allowing adequate drying time before grouting or using too much water when grouting. Can make tiles lift up.
  • Forgetting to seal porous grout. This leaves grout vulnerable to staining.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I choose the right tile?

Consider the style you want and your budget. Ceramic and porcelain tiles are very durable, affordable options. Natural stone tiles offer elegance but are more expensive. Mosaics and smaller tiles are best for backsplashes.

What tools do I need?

At minimum you’ll need a measuring tape, level, trowel, grout float, spacers, mixing bucket, sponges, tile cutter and safety gear. A wet saw is ideal for cutting but a snap tile cutter works too.

How do I cut ceramic tiles?

Use a wet saw fitted with a diamond tile blade for most accurate cuts, especially with porcelain. A manual snap tile cutter is another option for straight cuts in smaller ceramic tiles.

What type of adhesive should I use?

Choose white modified thinset mortar adhesive for kitchen backsplash projects. Make sure it states it’s suitable for ceramic or porcelain tile. Avoid all-purpose or premixed adhesives.

How long does the tile installation take?

The timeline varies based on tile size, wall space and your DIY experience. Budget at least 2 days – 1 day for prep and adhesive drying and 1 day for tiling. Let adhesive fully cure 2 days before grouting.


Installing a kitchen backsplash tile project brings big impact with less time and cost than a full remodel. With some elbow grease and attention to detail, you can achieve a stunning, professional-looking backsplash. Following proper preparation, design, tools and techniques will ensure your new backsplash is strong, straight and eye-catching. The finished product will add function and beauty to your kitchen for years to come.