How to Put Backsplash on Wall

Adding a backsplash to your kitchen or bathroom walls is an easy way to add visual interest and protect the walls from water damage and stains. With some planning, the right materials, and proper installation techniques, you can install a beautiful, functional backsplash on your wall.

Choosing a Backsplash Material

When selecting a material for your backsplash, consider the look you want to achieve, your budget, and how easy the material will be to clean and maintain. Some top options include:


Ceramic, porcelain, or natural stone tile offers endless design possibilities. Tile comes in a huge range of sizes, shapes, colors, and finishes. It’s very durable, easy to clean, and stain-resistant. Tile can be inexpensive or high-end depending on the type and quality.


Metal backsplashes like stainless steel, copper, or tin add great visual impact. Metals are very durable, naturally water-resistant, and easy to clean. They can have a contemporary, industrial vibe. Copper and tin will patina over time for an antiqued look.


Glass tile or sheet glass make for a shiny, sleek backsplash. Glass is heat- and water-resistant. It’s easy to clean but can break if hit hard. Glass tile comes in unlimited colors and adds sparkle.

Stone Slab

Natural stone slabs like marble, granite, or slate have unparalleled elegance. Stone is extremely durable but more vulnerable to stains than other options. Due to weight, professional installation is recommended.


Peel-and-stick backsplash panels with vinyl, metal, or removable wallpaper allow fast, easy installation. This is a budget-friendly temporary option, but won’t be as durable long-term.

Tools and Materials Needed

Gather these supplies before starting your project:

  • Backsplash tiles or panels
  • Mortar or adhesive
  • Notched trowel
  • Grout
  • Grout sealer
  • Tile spacers
  • Tile cutter or wet saw
  • Mixing bucket
  • Tile nippers
  • Safety glasses and gloves
  • Tape measure
  • Level
  • Marking pencil
  • Caulk/silicone
  • Grout float
  • Grout sponge
  • Clean buckets for water
  • Drop cloths

Make sure to get the appropriate type of mortar, grout, and tools for your backsplash material. Have extra tiles on hand in case any break during installation.

Preparing the Wall

Proper prep work is crucial for a long-lasting backsplash installation:

  • Clean the wall thoroughly and repair any holes or flaws in the drywall.
  • Remove any existing backsplash.
  • Make sure the wall is smooth and flat. Sand or scrape down high points.
  • Seal porous drywall with primer to prevent absorption of mortar moisture.
  • Mark the wall at the bottom to guide your first row of tile. Make sure it’s perfectly level using a spirit level.
  • Plan out the tile layout and use painter’s tape to map where tile edges and borders will fall.

Installing the Backsplash

Follow these steps to attach tile sheets or panels:

1. Apply Mortar or Adhesive

  • Apply a thin layer of mortar or adhesive to the back of the tile with a notched trowel. Spread evenly and scrape off excess.

2. Set the Tiles

  • Starting at your base marked line, press tiles gently but firmly into the mortar.
  • Push the tiles toward each other and use spacers between them for consistent spacing.
  • Check lines are straight and level as you go. Adjust as needed.
  • Let mortar fully cure per product instructions before grouting.

3. Cut any Border or Edge Tiles

  • Measure and mark tiles to fit around outlets, corners, or edges.
  • Cut with a wet saw for ceramic, glass, or porcelain. Use tile nippers on natural stone.
  • Smooth any rough edges with sandpaper. Dry fit to test.

4. Apply and Spread Grout

  • Apply grout along the joints with a grout float. Diagonally scrape to fill all gaps.
  • Let it sit briefly before wiping away excess grout with a damp sponge.
  • Clean tiles well before grout dries. Buff with a soft cloth for a polished look.

5. Seal and Finish

  • Seal grout once fully cured, typically 24-48 hours. Apply grout sealer as label directs.
  • Caulk perimeter edges with silicone for a waterproof barrier.
  • Clean backsplash with mild soap and water. Do not use harsh cleaners.

Backsplash Maintenance Tips

  • Seal grout annually. Reapply grout sealer every 1-2 years.
  • Clean using gentle, non-abrasive soap and water only. Avoid harsh cleaners.
  • Immediately wipe up spills to prevent stains on grout or tile.
  • Repair any cracked, damaged, or missing grout as soon as possible.
  • Re-caulk edges when you see gaps or cracks in the caulk.

Adding a backsplash is an easy weekend project that can completely transform the look of your kitchen or bathroom. With the right preparation and installation method for your chosen material, you can enjoy a stylish, mess-proof backsplash that lasts for years to come. Let your creativity run free in designing a backsplash that showcases your personal taste and suits your space.

Frequently Asked Questions About Backsplashes

What is the standard height for a backsplash?

4 inches is the minimum backsplash height, but many extend to 18-24 inches for more dramatic impact. The lower portion of the wall behind sinks or stoves often gets a full tile height backsplash.

How do I cut holes in backsplash for outlets?

Use a rotary tool or small masonry blade to cut outlet holes. Make small cuts at first in an X pattern and then tap the tile out gently with a hammer. Smooth any rough edges with sandpaper.

Can you put backsplash over existing tile?

It’s best to remove old backsplash completely before installing new. But you can tile over existing tile if the old tile is in excellent condition with no cracks, damage, or loose tiles. The new mortar won’t adhere as well though.

What backsplash goes best with white cabinets?

White cabinets suit any color backsplash depending on your style, but popular choices are white subway tile, marble, travertine, glass, stainless steel, or slate.

How do you attach backsplash peel and stick?

Peel off backing adhesive, press onto clean wall, and smooth entire panel from center outward. Use a grout float to ensure strong adhesion, working out any air pockets. Apply firm pressure, especially on edges.


Installing a backsplash is one of the easiest ways to make a big visual impact in your kitchen or bath at relatively low cost. With proper planning and by following the techniques outlined above for your material, you can achieve a dramatic focal point that protects your walls and adds artful style. Take time to consider the look you want and how your new backsplash can enhance the space before beginning. With the right prep work and installation, you’ll be able to enjoy your finished backsplash for many years.