How to Install Ceramic Tile Backsplash in Kitchen

Installing a ceramic tile backsplash in your kitchen can add style, easy-care functionality, and value to your home. With some planning, the right materials, and proper technique, you can achieve a beautiful, long-lasting backsplash. Here is a step-by-step guide to successfully tiling your kitchen backsplash.

Choose Your Tile

Ceramic tile comes in a huge array of sizes, shapes, colors, textures, and patterns. Consider the overall look you want for your kitchen when selecting tile.

  • Glazed ceramic: Glazed ceramic tiles have a shiny, water-resistant coating. Popular options are glossy subway tiles and decorative mosaic tiles.
  • Unglazed ceramic: Unglazed tiles have an earthy, matte look. Common choices include terra cotta and stone-look tiles.
  • Porcelain: Denser and more water-resistant than ceramic. Often has minimal grout lines.
  • Mosaic: Small tiles mounted mesh-style for easy installation. Great for accents.
  • Large format: Tile 12 inches or larger. Fewer grout lines create a sleek look.
  • Metal, glass, and stone: Durable, stylish accent options. Usually more expensive.

Choose a tile that fits your kitchen’s style. Contrasting or coordinating with your countertops, cabinets, and floors creates a cohesive look.

Calculate How Much Tile You Need

Measure the backsplash area and use an online calculator to determine how many full tiles and mosaic sheets you need. Remember to account for pattern matching and waste. Purchase 10-15% extra tiles.

Gather Your Materials

  • Tile and trim pieces
  • Thinset mortar
  • Grout
  • Grout sealer
  • Trowel
  • Mixing bucket
  • Tile spacers
  • Tile cutter
  • Grout float
  • Grout sponge
  • Tape measure
  • Level
  • Utility knife

Prepare the Surface

The backsplash surface must be clean, dry, and flat for proper tile adhesion.

  • Remove existing backsplash if present.
  • Sand glossy paint to dull the finish.
  • Fill any holes or cracks with spackle. Allow to dry completely.
  • Wipe away dust with a clean, damp cloth.

Layout Your Pattern

  • Dry lay a few rows of tile to visualize placement.
  • Balance cuts between top and bottom.
  • Blend tile variations evenly.
  • Snap reference lines with a chalk line.

Install the Tile

Follow manufacturer’s instructions for mixing thinset. Apply to the wall using a notched trowel, spreading even 1/4” thick layers.

  • Press tiles firmly into the thinset. Use spacers for consistent grout lines.
  • Push tile toward reference lines. Check level and alignment.
  • Allow thinset to cure 24 hours before grouting. Remove spacers.

Cut Any Custom Pieces

Use a wet saw for most cuts, or score and snap tile for straight cuts. Use a tile nipper on edges. Test cuts on scrap tiles first.

Apply and Grout the Tile

  • Spread grout over the tile using a rubber grout float.
  • Push grout into joints with a firm, circular motion.
  • Wipe excess grout off the tile surface with a damp sponge.
  • Rinse sponge and wipe again for a smooth finished look.
  • Allow grout to cure fully before sealing and using.

Seal and Finish

  • Apply grout sealer 2-3 days after grouting.
  • Caulk edges with mildew-resistant silicone caulk.
  • Step back and admire your stylish, durable backsplash!

With good planning and careful technique, you can install a ceramic tile backsplash that will be beautiful and functional for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions About Installing Ceramic Tile Backsplash

What kind of thinset should I use?

Use a polymer-modified thinset for any walls with moisture exposure. Unmodified thinset works for dry wall applications. Match thinset type to your tile choice.

How long does thinset need to cure before grouting?

24 hours. This allows thinset to form a strong bond.

What color grout should I choose?

White is classic, matches everything, and lets tile colors stand out. Gray is popular for a subtle contrast. Match grout color to tiles for a monochromatic look.

How soon can I use my backsplash after grouting?

Wait a minimum of 72 hours for grout to fully cure before heavy use of the backsplash.

What’s the best way to cut ceramic tiles?

A wet saw gives the cleanest, most precise cuts. Score and snap tiles work for straight cuts. Nippers and tile cutter tools cut small notches and holes.

How do I remove old tile thinset from a wall?

Scrape off loose thinset with a putty knife. For stubborn thinset, rent an electric scraper or grinder to remove residue.

Can I install a backsplash directly over existing tile?

No, remove old tile completely before installing new tile backsplash. Thinset won’t adhere correctly over existing materials.

What height should a backsplash be?

Standard backsplash height is 4 inches from counter to bottom edge of tile. Full-height backsplashes go from counter to underside of wall cabinets.


Installing a ceramic tile backsplash boosts the style and functionality of any kitchen. Carefully planning tile design, gathering quality materials, preparing the surface, and utilizing proper techniques will ensure your project goes smoothly from start to finish. Take time to properly lay out the pattern, seal tiles and grout, and admire your handiwork. With some patience and skill, you can achieve a backsplash you’ll enjoy for years to come.