Painting over tile backsplash is a project many homeowners consider to upgrade their kitchens. With a wide selection of paint colors and finishes, you can transform an outdated or damaged tile backsplash without undergoing a full renovation. However, there are important factors to consider before painting tile. This comprehensive guide will cover whether tile can be painted, preparation tips, best paint options, techniques for painting tile, and maintenance recommendations for a long-lasting painted tile backsplash.
Can You Paint Over Tile Backsplash?
The short answer is yes, you can paint over existing tile backsplash. With proper preparation, the right paint and application technique, tile can be painted to completely change the look of your backsplash and kitchen. However, there are some caveats to keep in mind.
The main considerations are:
- Tile material – Ceramic and porcelain tile can be painted but may require more prep work. Natural stone and metals cannot be painted directly.
- Condition of grout – Cracked or missing grout should be repaired first for best results.
- Glossy tile finish – Glossy tiles require extra preparation to help the paint adhere.
- Desired look – Painted tile has a different finish than replacement tile. The grout lines will still show through.
Proper prep work is the key to success when painting tile backsplash. This includes cleaning, lightly sanding, priming, and using paint designed specifically for tile and high-moisture areas. With attention to detail, you can achieve a freshly updated backsplash with paint.
Preparing Tile Backsplash for Painting
Preparing the tile surface is one of the most important steps for getting paint to properly adhere. Here is an overview of the tile painting preparation process:
Clean the Tile and Grout Thoroughly
The first step is to clean the tile and grout as thoroughly as possible to remove all dirt, grease, soap scum, and grime. Use a commercial tile cleaner or mix together:
- 1/2 cup powdered detergent
- 1/3 cup trisodium phosphate (TSP)
- 1 quart household bleach
- 3 quarts warm water
Scrub the entire backsplash and grout with this cleaning solution and a stiff nylon brush. Rinse well and let it fully dry before moving onto the next steps. Address any areas with mold or mildew as well.
Repair Cracks and Missing Grout
Check the grout between all tiles for cracks or missing sections. Repair any problem areas with new grout before painting. Let repairs dry completely before painting.
Dull Glossy Tile and Remove Sealer
Glossy tiles have a protective coating that can prevent paint from properly adhering. It’s important to scuff sand the surface to dull any shine before painting. Use 120-150 grit sandpaper and lightly sand the entire surface.
If your tiles have been sealed, you’ll also need to strip the sealer off before applying paint. Use a chemical sealer remover following the product directions. Wear gloves and goggles for safety.
Wash and Dry the Tile Again
After sanding or using a chemical sealer stripper, thoroughly wash the tiles again. Make sure all sanding dust, chemical residue and existing grease/grime is removed so the paint will adhere properly. Let the tile fully dry before painting.
Priming helps the paint bond tightly to the slick tile surface. Use a high-quality primer specifically made for painting tile. Allow the primer to fully dry before painting.
Once you’ve completed all the prep work, the tiles should be ready for painting.
Best Paint Options for Tile Backsplash
Choosing the right type of paint ensures a long-lasting finish on your newly painted tile backsplash. Look for these features when selecting tile paint:
Enamel paints provide a rock-hard finish and glossy smooth surface when dry. Enamel adheres better than standard latex paint on slick surfaces like tile and resists yellowing over time. Oil-based enamels offer the most durable finish but require mineral spirits for cleanup. Water-based enamels are lower in VOCs but less durable than oil-based.
Epoxy paint contains resins that make it extra durable, chemical resistant and waterproof. This makes epoxy paint ideal for high-moisture areas like kitchen backsplashes. Epoxy paint comes in two parts that must be mixed together before application. It leaves a thick, glass-like finish when dry.
Specialty textured paints can help hide grout lines and create faux tile finishes. Textured paint contains additives like sand or clay to provide a bumpy, uneven surface. This hides imperfections and gives grout lines a makeover.
Mold/Mildew Resistant Paint
Kitchen areas are prone to moisture, making mold and mildew a concern. Look for tile paints that contain EPA registered antimicrobial additives to inhibit mold and mildew growth. This provides extra protection especially for grout lines and corners.
Radiator enamel paints withstand temperatures up to 350°F, making them perfect for painting behind stoves or ovens. The porcelain-like gloss finish resists yellowing, scratches and stains.
No matter which paint you choose, look for 100% acrylic or epoxy tile paint. Avoid exterior house paints, chalk paints or standard interior latex paint which will not hold up as well in a kitchen backsplash.
Painting Techniques for Tile Backsplash
Once you’ve prepped the tile and have your specialty paint selected, it’s time to start painting. Follow these tips as you apply the paint:
1. Outline Sections with Painter’s Tape
Use painter’s tape to outline sections of tile as you work in manageable spaces. This keeps the paint from getting on other surfaces.
2. Follow Paint Manufacturer’s Instructions
Carefully read the paint product information for dry times between coats, proper application tools and any specific directions to ensure success.
3. Apply Primer First
After taping off sections, apply a thin coat of tile primer over the entire area. Let the primer fully dry before painting.
4. Apply Two Coats of Paint
Use a small paintbrush or foam roller to apply the first coat of paint in thin, even strokes. Be sure to work the paint into the grout lines. Let the first coat fully dry before adding the second coat.
5. Remove Tape Promptly
Carefully remove the painter’s tape promptly after painting before the paint fully dries around it. Pulling off tape after drying can remove paint from the edges.
6. Let Paint Fully Cure
Give the paint several days to fully cure and harden before use. Avoid cleaning, heat or moisture on the freshly painted surface during the curing period.
7. Seal with Waterproof Clear Coat
Once fully cured, apply 1-2 coats of waterproof ceramic or tile topcoat sealant. This adds extra protection especially for grout lines.
With the right prep and paint, you can upgrade your backsplash in just an afternoon. Use caution when working around electrical outlets and appliances. If your tile has never been painted before, consider testing a small section first to ensure the paint adheres correctly.
Painted Tile Backsplash Maintenance Tips
While far simpler than tile replacement, painted tile backsplash requires some maintenance to stay looking fresh. Here are some tips for keeping your painted backsplash looking like new:
- Use mild dish soap and warm water to clean. Avoid abrasive scouring powders.
- Rinse backsplash well after cleaning to remove residue.
- Reseal grout lines annually with a penetrating grout sealer.
- Immediately wipe up spills and splatters to prevent stains.
- Consider reapplying topcoat sealant every 2-3 years for added protection.
- Touch up paint as needed on high wear areas near stove or sink.
- Clean any mold/mildew promptly with hydrogen peroxide or tile mold remover.
With proper prep, application and maintenance, a painted tile backsplash can offer years of enjoyment with only a fraction of the cost or work of a full backsplash replacement. Not only does painting tile allow you to choose any color palette for your kitchen, but it also provides the opportunity to hide outdated or damaged tile and grout. With a painted backsplash, you can easily update your kitchen in just a weekend without the mess and expense of demo and installation. If your current tile is in good structural condition, grab a brush and paint your way to a brand new backsplash look.
Frequently Asked Questions About Painting Tile Backsplash
Still have some questions about painting over tile backsplash? Here are answers to some of the most common questions:
Can you paint over ceramic tile?
Yes, ceramic and porcelain tiles can be painted but require proper preparation like cleaning, scuff sanding, and priming first. The paint needs a roughed up surface to bond correctly.
What kind of paint adheres best to ceramic tile?
Epoxy paint or enamel paint specifically formulated for tile provides the best adhesion and most durable finish on ceramic and porcelain tile.
Can I paint over shiny tile?
Glossy or sealed tile must be scuff sanded first to dull the surface and allow paint to adhere. A chemical sealer remover may also be needed.
Should tile be primed before painting?
Primer creates a base layer that helps the paint better adhere to the non-porous tile surface. Always apply a thin coat of quality tile primer and let it fully dry before painting.
How do I paint tile backsplash behind a stove?
Use high heat paint like radiator enamel for surfaces behind stoves. Apply two coats and let fully cure for 7-10 days before use.
What is the best way to paint grout lines?
Use a small-tipped paintbrush to carefully paint down into the grout lines. After painting the main surface, go back and ensure the grout lines are fully painted and sealed.
Can I just paint over existing cracked grout?
No, any cracked or missing grout should be repaired and allowed to fully dry before painting. This helps prevent moisture issues and premature cracking of the fresh paint.
How do I get paint out of grout lines?
Prevent this by carefully taping off tiles and using a small trim brush. If paint gets on grout, wipe it gently with a damp microfiber cloth before it dries. Avoid scrubbing.
What sheen is best for painted backsplash?
Eggshell or satin finishes hide imperfections better than gloss. Glossy paint is also more prone to showing scratches over time.
Painting over tile backsplash offers an affordable, achievable DIY option to update the heart of your kitchen. With proper cleaning, scuff sanding, high-quality primer and tile paint, even ceramic and porcelain tiles can be given a makeover. Careful surface preparation and application produce the best results. Maintain the finish by gentle cleaning, sealing grout and occasional reapplication of topcoats. With a little effort, you can paint your way to a fresh new backsplash on a budget.