A Backsplash: The Ultimate Guide

A backsplash is an integral part of any kitchen design. As a functional and decorative element, choosing the right backsplash requires careful consideration of your needs, style, and budget. This comprehensive guide will walk you through everything you need to know about selecting, designing, and installing the perfect backsplash for your kitchen.

What is a Backsplash?

A backsplash refers to the section of wall spanning between your countertops and kitchen cabinets. Typically positioned behind sinks, stoves, and other workstations, a backsplash serves both practical and aesthetic purposes:

  • Protects walls from water damage, stains, and splashes while cooking or washing dishes
  • Prevents food, grease, and grime from accumulating on walls
  • Visually ties together cabinetry, countertops, and other kitchen elements
  • Provides an opportunity to add color, texture, and personality through materials and design

Backsplashes most commonly consist of tile, stone, glass, metal, or other water-resistant materials installed above countertops or ranges. The area a backsplash covers can vary, but typically extends 4-6 inches vertically from the counter or range.

Benefits of Installing a Backsplash

There are many advantages to installing a high-quality backsplash in your kitchen:

Protects Walls from Damage

A properly sealed and grouted backsplash serves as a barrier between your walls and moisture, grease, food particles, and other cooking messes. Without a backsplash, walls absorb these stains over time, requiring extensive cleaning or re-painting.

Enhances Cleanability

Backsplash tiles and other non-porous surfaces simply need wiping down to keep clean. This makes cleaning much faster and more sanitary than scrubbing wall paint or wallpaper.

Reflects Light

Glossy backsplash tiles like glass, metal, or polished stone help reflect light around the kitchen, making the space brighter and more open.

Adds Visual Interest

Creative backsplash designs and materials make a stunning decorative impact. You can match your backsplash color and style to other kitchen elements for a cohesive look.

Showcases Your Personality

From sleek stainless steel to handmade murals, backsplash choice lets you integrate your personal taste into the kitchen.

Increases Resale Value

A high-quality, well-designed backsplash adds value by elevating the overall aesthetic of the kitchen.

Installing a beautiful, functional backsplash is a worthwhile investment that pays dividends in protecting your kitchen for years to come.

Backsplash Design Considerations

Selecting your ideal backsplash requires balancing practical factors and your personal style preferences. Key considerations include:


  • Durability and stain resistance
  • Easy cleaning
  • Moisture protection
  • Ability to withstand heat near cooking surfaces


  • Colors, patterns, textures
  • Stylistic harmony with cabinetry, countertops, appliances
  • Light reflection
  • Visual impact and personality


  • Affordability within your backsplash budget
  • Cost of materials, installation, maintenance


  • High traffic vs low use areas
  • Placement near appliances
  • Exposure to grease, moisture, potential damage

Keeping these practical functions and design goals in mind will help narrow your backsplash options.

Backsplash Materials Overview

There are endless options when choosing backsplash materials, ranging from classic to cutting edge. Considerations include cost, durability, and ease of cleaning/maintenance. Popular choices include:

Ceramic or Porcelain Tile

Pros: Affordable, readily available, durable, easy to clean, water-resistant, variety of colors/textures/patterns

Cons: Grout may stain over time, tiles can crack or chip if impacted

Best for: Classic subway tile, mosaics, Mediterranean or cottage styles

Natural Stone Tile

Pros: Elegant natural beauty, variety of natural color patterns, durable

Cons: Expensive, porous (requires sealing), heavier installation

Best for: Granite, marble, travertine, slate

Glass Tile

Pros: Shiny, reflective, variety of colors, water-resistant, easy to clean

Cons: More delicate than ceramic or stone, costs more, may require re-grouting

Best for: Modern or contemporary kitchens

Metal Tile

Pros: Durable, water-resistant, heat-resistant, reflective, modern appeal

Cons: Conducts heat/cold if uninsulated, higher cost, prone to scratching/dents

Best for: Contemporary, industrial modern, or farmhouse kitchens

Mosaic Tile

Pros: Intricate patterns and designs, artistic sensibility, variety of materials like glass/ceramic/stone

Cons: Challenging self-installation, grout maintenance, higher costs

Best for: Tuscan, Mediterranean, or artistic décor

Always thoroughly research the advantages and care requirements before purchasing materials. Your installer can also advise on the best choices for your needs.

Ideal Tile Size

Standard backsplash tiles range from 1 inch mosaic squares to 4-inch or 6-inch subway tiles, though large format tiles (>15 inches) have grown in popularity. Choosing tile size depends on:

  • Personal preference: Smaller tiles allow complex patterns, while larger tiles make a bolder statement.
  • Kitchen size: Small tiles suit small spaces by making the area feel larger. Larger tiles help expansive kitchens feel cohesive.
  • Tile material: Delicate glass or mosaic tiles are best kept under 2 inches. Durable porcelain or granite tiles can be very large format.
  • Grout lines: Smaller tiles mean more grout lines that may require more maintenance. Larger tiles have fewer grout lines.
  • Style: Classic kitchens traditionally integrate smaller 3-6 inch tiles. Contemporary designs can incorporate large format tiles or mosaics.

Aim for tile sizes that align with your desired style and required maintenance. Mixing tile sizes can add appealing visual depth as well.

Backsplash Patterns

In addition to material and tile size selection, backsplash patterns also affect the overall aesthetic. Consider these popular options:

Subway Tile Layout

The classic 3×6-inch rectangular glossy subway tile arranged in offset rows remains a timeless backsplash choice that suits any kitchen style. White is most common, but subway tiles come in endless colors.

Laying subway tiles in a herringbone, basketweave, or other creative arrangement adds more visual interest. Accent the tiles with trim or decorative inserts.

Mosaic Backsplash

Mosaics arrange small (1-inch or smaller) tiles in intricate patterns like waves, cubes, or Accent the tiles with trim or decorative inserts.

Marble or Travertine Brick Pattern

Offset rows of marble, travertine, or ceramic tiles mimicking the pattern of brickwork add lovely natural texture. Stone variations provide depth when lit.

Large Format Tiles

Dramatic oversized ceramic, porcelain, or stone tiles make a contemporary statement, especially when laid in a stacked or offset pattern. Limit grout lines using few seams.

Feature Strips

Run a decorative strip of mosaic, ornate tile, or metallic tile through the center of your backsplash or above ranges for a focal point. Flank it with more subtle field tiles.

There are endless ways to use shape, color, and tile orientation to design your ideal backsplash style. Visit showrooms and design centers to visualize options.

Backsplash and Countertop Pairings

Your backsplash should coordinate aesthetically with countertops when making material choices. Popular pairings include:

  • White subway tile with white Carrara marble counters
  • Black granite backsplash tiles with black granite countertops
  • Travertine brick backsplash with quartz counters
  • Multicolored glass mosaic backsplash with solid surface counters

However, don’t be afraid to use contrast if it suits your taste. Dark backsplashes like slate tiles can accent light-colored counters beautifully. Just ensure colors are complementary, not clashing.

Also consider continuity. If your countertops have a prominent veining or pattern, select a backsplash that picks up on those colors and textures.

Maintaining visual harmony between your backsplash and countertops results in a polished, integrated look.

Backsplash Design Ideas

When planning your kitchen backsplash, decide whether you want it to blend subtly or make a bold statement. Key design inspirations include:

Complementary Colors: Match backsplash hues with cabinet colors for cohesion. Soft green glass tiles coordinate nicely with sage cabinets, for example.

Texture: Natural pebble mosaic or 3D subway tiles provide beautiful depth and dimension. Juxtapose sleek surfaces like quartz with organic textures.

Material Mixing: Combine glass and stone mosaic tiles, or integrate metallic and painted ceramic tiles for visual interest.

Creative Shapes: Use shaped tiles like hexagons or curved cuts for modern impact. Lay them in creative patterns.

Artistic Motifs: Custom-design a backsplash mosaic featuring your favorite mountain landscape, floral image, or abstract shapes.

Rustic Charm: Reclaimed wood panels, distressed tiles, or natural stone with rough edges evoke vintage, Tuscan, or farmhouse styles.

Eye-Catching Features: Make a focal point with an ornate pot-filler, colorful oven hood, or decorative tile medallion.

Visit showrooms and peruse backsplash photos online to discover inspiring ways to implement these design ideas in your own kitchen.

Cost to Install a Backsplash

The cost of installing a kitchen backsplash ranges considerably based on the size of the project and chosen materials. In general, expect to pay:

  • Ceramic or porcelain tile: $5-20 per sq. ft. installed
  • Natural stone tile: $15-50 per sq. ft. installed
  • Glass tile: $15-50 per sq. ft. installed
  • Metal tile: $15-50 per sq. ft. installed
  • Professional design fees: $40-$100/hr
  • Contractor installation fees: $200-$1000

Higher-end materials like natural stone, handmade tiles, or mosaic patterns increase costs. Complex installation with niche features also raises pricing.

DIY installation can potentially reduce costs, but make sure to account for necessary tools, equipment, adhesive, and grout. Handy homeowners with tiling experience can save 20-30% overall.

Aim for a backsplash budget of roughly 5-10% of total kitchen remodel costs to align with typical price ratios.

How to Install a Kitchen Backsplash

Installing a backsplash Tile yourself can save on labor costs if done properly. Follow these steps:

1. Gather Materials

  • Backsplash tiles
  • Tile backing board
  • Thinset mortar
  • Grout and sealant
  • Trowels, spacers, cutters
  • Gloves, buckets, sponges

2. Prepare the Area

  • Clean walls thoroughly
  • Fill any holes or cracks
  • Apply primer/sealer if needed

3. Cut and Apply Backing Board

  • Measure area and cut boards to fit
  • Screw boards into wall studs
  • Seal seams with mesh tape

4. Apply Thinset and Tiles

  • Spread thinset mortar evenly on board
  • Press tiles into thinset, spacing evenly
  • Use spacers for consistent alignment

5. Finish with Grout and Sealant

  • Let thinset dry completely
  • Apply grout between tile edges
  • Wipe away excess grout
  • Apply sealant for moisture protection

Always refer to detailed DIY guides for your particular tile to ensure proper installation. Consider consulting a professional if dealing with expensive stone or intricate patterns.

Backsplash Maintenance Tips

Follow these tips to keep your backsplash looking like new:

  • Seal grout and porous tiles annually to prevent stains and moisture damage.
  • Spot clean spills and splatters promptly to prevent staining.
  • Use non-abrasive cleaners to avoid scratching surfaces.
  • Rinse thoroughly after cleaning to remove residue.
  • Re-apply kitchen cleaners regularly to prevent buildup.
  • Check for cracks or damage around tiles/grout and re-grout or caulk as needed.
  • Limit direct sunlight exposure on vulnerable materials like glass tile.

Put effort into properly sealing, cleaning, and protecting your backsplash and it will maintain its beauty for many years before requiring replacement.


What color backsplash goes best with white cabinets?

White backsplashes beautifully match white cabinetry. However, shades like pale gray, beige, light blue, or sage also coordinate wonderfully with a bright, clean look.

What backsplash is easiest to keep clean?

Ceramic, metal, glass, and porcelain tile are very easy to wipe clean. Glossy finishes further prevent grease or food from clinging. Mosaic tiles take a bit more effort.

What’s the most popular kitchen backsplash?

The classic 3×6-inch white subway tile laid in a brick pattern remains the most popular choice for its clean, classic look.

Can you put backsplash tile over existing tile?

It’s possible but not recommended. The multiple tile layers could result in cracks, damage, and a very uneven appearance over time. Best to remove existing backsplash tile first.

Can backsplash tile go all the way to ceiling?

Tile can extend to the ceiling, though 4-6 inches above the counter or range is typical. Floor-to-ceiling backsplash tile can suit very modern styles but requires extremely careful installation to avoid slippage or cracks.


Installing a backsplash is a satisfying DIY project or renovation investment that can make a dramatic improvement in your kitchen’s functionality and beauty. With so many gorgeous materials and creative designs to choose from, you’re sure to find a backsplash that perfect suits your personal taste and cooking needs. Use this guide to get inspired and fully prepare for a stunning finished product you’ll enjoy for years. With proper installation and care, your backsplash will be a centerpiece of pride every time you walk into your kitchen.